Authentication with Next 13 App Router and Supabase

Authentication with Next 13 App Router and Supabase

In this guide, we’ll build an example Next.js application with PropelAuth and Supabase. We cover the App Router version of Next.js 13, and demonstrate how to create an application that manages both users and organizations using PropelAuth.

Create a PropelAuth Project

The first step is to create a project in PropelAuth.

Create a PropelAuth authentication project

Once a project has been created, you will be directed to the dashboard for your project, outlining the steps to complete adding authentication into your application. This includes styling the UI, choosing authentication methods, and enabling organizations/enterprise SSO.

One of the onboarding steps is to sign up as a test user, which we’ll use later on to test our application.

Create a Supabase Project

Create a Supabase project, along with at least one table in the project. You can configure the table however you’d like; in this guide, we’ll be using a table we’ll call “foos.”

One column in the table must be labeled “user_id,” and its type must be “uuid.” In our example, we also included “title” with the “Text” type.

Create a Supabase table containing our data and user ID section

Create and Configure a NextJS Application

Create a new Next.js project and install the @propelauth/nextjs library:

npx create-next-app <project-name>
cd <project-name>
npm i @propelauth/nextjs

Create a .env file with the following variables


When you copy the PROPELAUTH_VERIFIER_KEY from the PropelAuth dashboard, it will automatically paste into your .env file with line breaks. However, due to the way some systems interpret multiline environment variables, you will need to edit the verifier key value to include ‘\n’ instead of newline characters. For example:


For the PROPELAUTH_REDIRECT_URI variable, you need to add /api/auth/callback to the end of one of your allowed frontend locations. So, for example, if you are developing in the test environment and using http://localhost:3000, you would use http://localhost:3000/api/auth/callback

Finally, the required Supabase variables required can be found in the API settings for your Supabase project.

Highlighting the Supabase API Setting containing our URL and API Keys

Set Up Routes

Create the directory src/app/api/auth/[slug] (or just app/api/auth/[slug] if you aren’t using src), and in that directory, create a file called route.ts with the following content:

import {getRouteHandlers} from "@propelauth/nextjs/server/app-router";
import {NextRequest} from "next/server";

// postLoginRedirectPathFn is optional, but if you want to redirect the user to a different page after login, you can do so here.
const routeHandlers = getRouteHandlers({
  postLoginRedirectPathFn: (req: NextRequest) => {
    return "/"
export const GET = routeHandlers.getRouteHandler
export const POST = routeHandlers.postRouteHandler

This enables requests made to /api/auth/* to be handled by our library and set up/refresh/invalidate user information for you.

Set up AuthProvider

In your root layout, src/app/layout.tsx, add the AuthProvider:

import {AuthProvider} from "@propelauth/nextjs/client";
export default async function RootLayout({children}: {children: React.ReactNode}) {
  return (
    <html lang="en">
        <AuthProvider authUrl={process.env.NEXT_PUBLIC_AUTH_URL}>

Set up middleware

In your src/middleware.ts file, add the following:

import {authMiddleware} from "@propelauth/nextjs/server/app-router";

export const middleware = authMiddleware

// The middleware is responsible for keeping the user session up to date.
// It should be called on every request that requires authentication AND /api/auth/.* routes.
export const config = {
  matcher: [
    // REQUIRED: Match all request paths that start with /api/auth/
    // OPTIONAL: Don't match any static assets

Set Up the Supabase Client

Next, we’re going to set up a Supabase client and have it use our user information provided by PropelAuth. Install the Supabase javascript package, as well as a library called jsonwebtoken

npm i @supabase/supabase-js jsonwebtoken

Then add the following code to a new file lib/supabase.ts. This file will create a Supabase client for our PropelAuth user.

import {createClient, SupabaseClientOptions} from '@supabase/supabase-js'
import {UserFromToken} from '@propelauth/nextjs/client';
import jwt from "jsonwebtoken";

export const getSupabaseClient = async (user: UserFromToken) => {
	const jwtPayload = {
		"sub": user.userId,

	const supabaseAccessToken = jwt.sign(jwtPayload, process.env.SUPABASE_JWT_SECRET, {
		expiresIn: '15 minutes'

	const options: SupabaseClientOptions<any> = {
    global: {
      headers: {
        Authorization: `Bearer ${supabaseAccessToken}`,
    auth: {
      persistSession: false,

	return createClient(

Fetch Supabase Data

From here, we can use this client to make fetch information from Supabase as our PropelAuth user. As we’ll see in the next section, we’ll use row-level security (RLS) to make sure our user can only access their own data.

import { getSupabaseClient } from "@/lib/supabase";
import { getUserOrRedirect } from "@propelauth/nextjs/server/app-router";

export default async function Page() {
  const user = await getUserOrRedirect()
  const supabase = getSupabaseClient(user)
  const { data } = await supabase.from('foos').select()
  return <pre>{JSON.stringify(data, null, 2)}</pre>

Testing our application

Finally, let’s add some test data to the Supabase table along with our user ID from the sample user we created at the beginning of this guide. You can get the user ID for our sample user either by console.log'ing the user object, or by using the PropelAuth dashboard to copy the User’s ID.

Using the PropelAuth authentication project dashboard to grab a user ID

We’ll also add some rows for a different user to make sure we are only fetching our own data.

Adding a different user ID to our Supabase data table

Setting up an RLS Policy

If we run our application locally, we don’t see any data at all. Just []. That’s because we haven’t set up an RLS policy yet.

We’ll do a really simple policy - each user should be able to see their own data, which is done by checking auth.uid() is equal to user_id from the table.

Setting up a role level security (RLS) policy for our Supabase data

After saving that policy, we should see our data rendered correctly!

Supabase data rendering correctly based on the authenticated user

A Note on Organizations / Multi-Tenancy

One of the central features of PropelAuth is the ability to easily enable B2B authentication features like organizations and role-based access control.

In terms of working with organizations in Supabase, adding a uuid column to our table that includes an org_id is simple enough.

Supabase data table with a new column for organization ID

In our lib/supabase.ts file, we can then update it to include organization information.

By default, users can be in more than one organization, and PropelAuth is flexible to how you can reference a single organization.

You can pass the orgName in as a subdomain or path parameter, you can set the orgId as a cookie, or you can require each user to be in exactly 1 organization and just use the one org you know they are in. In this case, we’ll assume you set the orgId as a cookie and passed it in:

export const getSupabaseClient = async (user: UserFromToken, orgId?: string) => {
	const jwtPayload = {
		"sub": user.userId,
    // Make sure to check that the user is in this organization
    "org_id": orgId ? user.getOrg(orgId)?.orgId : undefined

Then, you would need to add a new RLS Policy that matches a specific org_id to the ones present in the table.

A new role level security (RLS) policy for our Supabase data

You can add additional checks by adding checking the user’s role

const isAdmin = user.getOrg(orgId)?.isRole("Admin")

or placing their role in the JWT and using it in your RLS policies.

Wrapping Up

This guide provides a comprehensive look at an authentication application framework using Supabase and NextJS. By using PropelAuth for authentication, we were able to skip building any auth UIs, transactional emails, invitation flows, and more.

If you’re like more tutorials, check out our NextJS Example App, or check out our documentation for more information on building with PropelAuth.

If you have any questions, please reach out at